Camino de Santiago routes are hot. The number of pilgrims who set out every year continues to increase. But why do people choose to follow ancient pilgrimage routes?
The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
Camino de Santiago routes. I felt a surge of emotions and, unexpectedly, I cried. For a few minutes, the pain in my feet and muscles seemed to disappear and the backpack on my back felt lighter. After three months and about 900 kilometers, I had just seen the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela for the first time. I had reached my destination. And walked the last kilometers of my Camino de Santiago routes, the camino Frances of St. Jean Pied de Port to Santiago de Compostela.
It turns out there is a term for my experience: “mount joy”. According to Dr. Guy Hayward, director of the British Pilgrimage Trust, the concept has already been described in medieval reports.” The first time pilgrims would see their final destination during their Camino de Santiago routes, they would normally be somewhere higher up, such as a hill overlooking the city,” he said, explaining that pilgrims, after weeks or even months, would “weep for joy” from the excitement of finally reaching their goal – hence the term.
Pilgrims all over the world
Camino de Santiago routes and pilgrimage are hot. The most famous pilgrimage in Europe is the Camino to Santiago de Compostela in Spain. In 1972 only 67 pilgrims were registered to make the Camino de Santiago routes to Santiago de Compostela and completing the pilgrimage route. In 2019 there were 348,000. Other lesser-known pilgrimages such as the Via Francigena from Canterbury to Rome are attracting more visitors, while the Japanese Buddhist Shikoku pilgrimage has also seen similar growth. Millions of Muslims go on Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia which is one of the five pillars of Islam and something all Muslims who are physically and financially able must do (the rising trend in numbers can also be seen there ). Meanwhile, the Hindu Kumbh Mela in Northern India is described as the world’s largest human gathering, attracting some 220 million pilgrims over 50 days in 2019.
The Covid-19 outbreak severely curtailed pilgrimages in 2020 and perhaps beyond (Saudi Arabia limited the number of pilgrimages to about 1,000 this year, up from about 2.5 million in previous years). Still, the numbers are growing every year. What is it that Camino de Santiago routes and this form of travel that attracts so many?
Camino de Santiago routes: Religious or not?
Camino de Santiago routes to Santiago de Compostela today could be seen as a specifically religious form of travel. But even in the past, being on the road was just as important as spirituality. In many ways, Camino de Santiago routes were the forerunner of modern tourism. In the old days, if you wanted to see the world, visiting a sacred site was one of the few reasons you got to travel. As pilgrimage places became popular, a whole host of infrastructure would grow around them – from souvenir shops to guidebooks.
As a form of travel, walking Camino de Santiago routes was unlike anything I had done before. Walking for three months. Every day. And yes, sometimes I thought, “What have I started?”. But I gained a lot from the experience. It suddenly made the world more human in a way that an airplain, train or car travel never can. I saw landscapes around me gradually change – something you can’t see from a train window or even a bike.
Walking the Camino de Santiago routes also made everything easier. I really had nothing to think about, unless put one foot in front of the other and decide what to eat for lunch. Moreover, I had never enjoyed nature so much. When you spend several days in a row in nature, you start to feel different. But why a pilgrimage? After all, you can feel connected to nature everywhere. In my view, “normal” walking holidays are about looking for some of the same things, but pilgrims who walk or bike Camino de Santiago routes may be more consciously looking for something deeper. Professor Reader, who has studied pilgrimages around the world, says that in many cultures, people feel they need a “good” reason to travel. They want to feel that they are not just going somewhere for fun, but that there is some deeper or legitimate reason to go on vacation; for many people, becoming a pilgrim is such a reason.
About the Camino de Santiago routes to Santiago de Compostela
The pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela got a kickstart under Franco, the dictator of Spain until 1975, who started promoting the Camino by linking it to his ideology of “muscular Spanish Catholic nationalism”. After the death of Franco and the integration of Spain into the European community, the pilgrimage was gradually seen as an expression of a shared European identity. For some, embracing the statue of the apostle Saint James in Santiago de Compostela is a form of liberation and the beginning of a new life. For others, the pilgrimage is a sporting challenge. Regardless of the motivation, the pilgrimage route has a lot of meaning for everyone. But only those who have taken up this challenge can have a say in it.
Do you also want to walk or bike the Camino de Santiago routes?
Do you also want to make a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela? We have several Camino de Santiago routes. Think of the Camino Frances or the Camino Portugués. You can also start your Camino in Santiago de Compostela and walk to Finisterre and Muxia.